Food hygiene inspections

Local authorities are required to carry out inspections of food businesses.

These inspections are carried out within Salford by environmental health officers of the Environment and Community Safety directorate and you can view the latest inspection rating for Salford's food businesses via the Food Standards Agency's (FSA) food hygiene rating scheme website.

Purpose of food hygiene inspections

The primary responsibility for controlling food safety rests with the proprietor of the food business, however, environmental health officers inspect all types of food businesses to:

  • Make sure food is being handled and produced hygienically
  • Make sure food is safe to eat
  • Identify any foreseeable risks of food poisoning or injury which might arise if the food is eaten

The objectives of the inspection therefore include:

  • Determination of the business activities and the law that applies to the business
  • Gathering and recording information from observations and discussions with the people involved
  • Identifying the potential hazards and risk to the health of the public
  • Checking the effectiveness of the controls to make the food safe
  • Assessment of the management systems operated by the business
  • Identifying the contraventions of food safety law
  • Consideration of the appropriate enforcement action to make sure food businesses comply with the law

Planning inspections

The local authority are required to keep a record of all food businesses and put together a programme to make sure that all food businesses are inspected on a regular basis.

Frequency of inspections

The frequency of the inspection depends upon a number of factors that look at the risk to consumers. These include:

  • The potential hazard (type of food and method of handling; method of processing; consumers at risk)
  • The current level of compliance (food handling practices/procedures and temperature control; structural layout, cleanliness, facilities)
  • Confidence in management/control system (company's track record; attitude towards food hygiene and safety; knowledge; documented procedures)
  • Significance of risk (potential for cross contamination; survival and growth of bacteria; documented procedures; training; required enforcement)

Once the risk has been determined the food premises are then inspected depending on the category they fall into as set out below:

Category Minimum of frequency of inspection
A At least every six months
B At least every year
C At least every 18 months
D At least every two years
E At least every three years

Food businesses can move between the categories, particularly if conditions improve or deteriorate.

Performance - how are we doing?

The performance of the service in meeting this has improved steadily over the past few years as shown in the table below:

Performance against local performance indicators

Year High risk premises Low risk premises
1998 to 1999 87% 71%
1999 to 2000 82% 74%
2000 to 2001 97% 95%
2001 to 2002 99% 92%
2002 to 2003 97% 77%
2003 to 2004 79% 49%
2004 to 2005 99% 58%
2005 to 2006 100% 78%
2006 to 2007 99% 78%
2007 to 2008 100% 100%
2008 to 2009 87% 74%
2009 to 2010 100% 100%
2010 to 2011 88% 76%
2011 to 2012 93% 89%
2012 to 2013 100% 100%
2013 to 2014 100% 100%
2014 to 2015 100% 96%

Aim: To improve the level of food hygiene across Salford.

How resources are targeted:

The role of the service is to enforce food safety legislation across the city of Salford within approximately 2,000 food premises. This is undertaken by using all the four approaches of the 'enforcement mix':

  • Demand: through our response to complaints/requests from both businesses and customers
  • Inspection: by undertaking approximately 1,350 inspections in accordance with the Food Standards Agency's Food Law Code of Practice risk based inspection rating system
  • Education: through the running of free HACCP workshops on SFBB for all businesses and assisting other training through liaison with local training bodies and guidance to businesses
  • Intelligence: through our co-ordinated sampling program, liaison with other authorities and response to requests from Food Standards Agency and LACORS

The outcome measure:

Our performance in this field will be tracked each year through a combination of:

1. The overall risk profile of the food businesses within Salford at 1 April:

Year A B C D E F Total inspected Total premises
1994 184 379 740 240 227 126 1,100 1,977
1995 182 368 730 253 239 128 694 1,977
1996 182 359 720 236 269 136 727 1,977
1997 180 361 708 232 283 144 845 1,977
1998 146 495 776 192 190 126 989 1,977
1999 93 421 786 275 234 117 1,086 1,977
2000 81 436 753 291 244 123 851 1,977
2001 64 340 882 263 270 110 1,222 1,977
2002 37 301 935 295 242 112 1,366 1,922
2003 39 267 953 286 244 112 1,311 1,923
2004 40 260 962 283 234 102 1,066 1,881
2005 27 335 868 260 338 Not applicable 1,379 1,837
2006 41 299 913 266 335 Not applicable 1,287 1,854
2007 28 306 898 247 341 Not applicable 1,343 1,822
2008 34 282 929 235 363 Not applicable 1,337 1,843
2009 23 297 945 258 351 Not applicable 1,174 1,874
2010 17 235 929 284 379 Not applicable 1,339 1,847
2011 15 208 937 279 408 Not applicable 1,138 1,899 (including 49 unrated)
2012 22 194 971 256 481 Not applicable 1,364 1,973 (including 49 unrated)
2013 20 189 889 292 553 Not applicable 1,426 1,974 (including 31 unrated)
2014 11 174 890 277 622 Not applicable 1,458 1,992 (including 18 unrated)
2015 9 149 542 642 683 Not applicable 1,132 2067 (including 42 unrated)

Note: from 28 October 2004 Risk Group F merged into Risk Group E and in September 2014 change in risk bands affecting band D and E premises.

2. The number of broadly compliant premises at 1 April:

Year Broadly compliant Percentage Not compliant Percentage Total inspected Total premises
April 2008 1,425 77.3% 418 22.7% 1,337 1,843
April 2009 1,448 77.3% 426 22.7% 1,174 1,874
April 2010 1,507 82.4% 322 17.6% 1,339 1,847
April 2011 1,582 84.2% 296 15.8% 1,138 1,889
April 2012 1,660 83.5% 327 16.5% 1,364 1,973
April 2013 1,675 83.6% 329 16.4% 1,426 2,004
April 2014 1,769 84.8% 318 15.2% 1,458 2,087
April 2015 1,850 87.3% 269 12.7% 1,132 2,067

See the food hygiene rating pages for information on up to date compliance information for individual premises and their current hygiene rating.

The overall aim will contribute to Salford City Council's pledges and community themes and assist with the FSA's requirements and their strategy of reducing the incidence of foodborne illness by 20% by improving food safety right through the food chain.

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This page was last updated on 17 May 2016

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