C1. The table below sets out the following types of parking standards in accordance with policies A3 and A7 of the Local Plan:
C2. The standards vary between different uses. For convenience, the uses are listed in order of the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 as existed in November 2019. It is possible that the use classes may change during the lifetime of the Local Plan, but the standards will continue to be applied in relation to the uses listed in the table.
C3. For those types of development that are not listed in the table below, the appropriate level of parking provision will be determined on a case by case basis having regard to:
C4. The amount of parking provided should not discourage the use of more sustainable modes of transport or lead to a level of on-street parking which would have an unacceptable impact on the safe and efficient operation of the highways network.
C5. Parking provision for mixed-use developments will vary depending on the type and relative proportions of the uses proposed. Where the various uses would generally operate at the same time, then the levels applicable to all uses should be aggregated. Where the uses proposed would be likely to generate parking demands at different times of the day then shared parking provision should be provided as far as practicable.
C6. For developments comprising flexible uses, the maximum car parking standards that would result in the lowest level of car parking provision should be applied to the development as the starting point. If it is considered that additional car parking is required, this should be clearly justified by the applicant having regard to the travel demands likely to be generated by the development.
C7. Operational parking is defined as parking provision other than that used by residents, staff, visitors, shoppers, etc, that is required for a development to function effectively. It includes drop-off points for delivery/emergency/refuse/ private hire vehicles and taxi ranks. Operational parking requirements should be treated separately and in addition to the standards set out in the table below, and will be determined on a case by case basis in accordance with policy A7.
C8. Conditions may be applied to planning permissions to ensure that operational parking is not used for other car parking functions.
C9. All standards in the table that are expressed in the form “per square metre” (sqm) refer to the gross internal floorspace of the development unless otherwise stated.
C10. The city has been split into two area types for the purposes of the maximum car parking standards, with different standards applying in each area for most types of development. The area types are defined as follows:
C11. Car parking provision that exceeds the standards set out in the table below will only be permitted where it can be clearly demonstrated by the applicant that there is no alternative practicable way of accommodating the travel demands likely to be generated by the development, and that all reasonable efforts are being made to minimise reliance on the private car.
C12. Where the proposed scale of car parking complies with the maximum car parking standards, a lower level of car parking may still be sought due to the potential adverse impacts of the parking provision, such as where it may discourage the use of more sustainable modes of transport or would be likely to result in poor quality urban design or have an unacceptable impact on the street scene.
C13. There are no minimum car parking standards for general users, only for disabled people.
C14. Car parking provision for disabled people should be accommodated within the maximum car parking standards identified in the table rather than be in addition to it.
C15. The need for additional parking for mobility scooters will be assessed on a case by case basis.
C16. References in the table to provision being a “% of the total” relate to the total amount of car parking being provided as part of the development, including that for disabled people.
C17. Spaces should be located and designed in accordance with the latest Government guidance on car parking provision for disabled people
C18. Motorcycle parking should be secure and have suitable anchor points in accordance with the requirements of policy A3.
C19. Cycle parking should be designed and located in accordance with the requirements of policy A3.
C20. The various minimum standards will be applied flexibly to small-scale developments having regard to the practicality of full compliance.