The effectiveness of a governing body depends on the quality of its governors and the ways in which they work together and with the leaders of their school.
All governing bodies have some choice about how they are structured. It is the structure (the constitution) of governing bodies that determines how many and what type of people govern the school. Each school and academy should publish its governance structure on its website.
All maintained school governing bodies must be constituted under the 2012 constitution Regulations by 1 September 2015 and these regulations state that the minimum size is seven governors and the governing body must include:
The faith schools in Salford also have to have foundation governors who are appointed by the relevant faith bodies to make sure that the school's character is preserved and developed.
Governing bodies can also appoint co-opted governors who are people they consider to have the skills the governing body requires to contribute to the effective governance and success of the school.
The legal structure of a governing body is recorded on its Instrument of Government (IOG) and templates for the IOGs for each types of school can be downloaded at the bottom of this page along with the statutory guidance on governing body constitution.
An academy trust is a charitable company limited by guarantee. All academy trusts have two layers of governance:
In Salford, there are stand alone academies and a multi-academy trust:
More information about the governance of academies can be found in the school governors' handbook or on the GOV.UK 'become an academy: information for schools' page.