The primary responsibility for ensuring health and safety in the workplace lies with those who create the risk, and in particular employers need to make suitable and sufficient arrangements for managing health and safety. Currently health and safety enforcement in the United Kingdom is split between Local Authorities and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).
Officers within the environmental health team are responsible for enforcing the provisions of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 in approximately 4,000 premises for which the council has enforcement responsibilities. These premises include warehouses, offices, shops, consumer services and residential care homes. The range of activities undertaken by the officers are detailed in our service plan and include:
Environmental health officers' aim is to protect the health and safety and welfare of employees and to safeguard others, principally the public, who may be exposed to risks from work activities within your business.
This is primarily carried out through routine inspection of the workplace. Officers are responsible for the enforcement of health and safety within approximately 4,000 premises in Salford.
The primary responsibility for controlling health and safety within the workplace rests with the employer of the business, however, environmental health officers visit various workplaces to check compliance with health and safety legislation and to give advice.
The local authority keeps a record of all businesses that fall within their enforcement regime and put together a programme, based on national guidance, to make sure that all high risk premises are inspected. The work of the health and safety enforcement service is coordinated with the other ten Greater Manchester authorities (AGMA).
Pro-active health and safety interventions are carried out over a ten year programme, in accordance with HSE's Priority Planning Scheme and the HSE National Local Authority Enforcement Code.
The role of the service is to enforce and advise businesses on the relevant health and safety legislation across the city of Salford. This is undertaken by using all the four approaches of the 'enforcement mix':
In addition the work of the service in contributing to the HSE strategy for health and safety will be tracked by recording the number of our interventions in several key areas, namely:
And locally determined initiatives, including:
The frequency of our interventions depends upon a number of factors that look at the risk to consumers. These include:
Once the category has been determined, following the routine intervention, premises are visited as set out below:
|Category||Rating score||Minimum frequency of inspection|
|A||Score of five or six in any risk||Inspected until no longer A rated|
|B1||Score of four in any risk||Intervention in accordance with local and national priorities every 18 months|
|B2||Scores of three in any risk||An intervention in accordance with local and national priorities every three years|
|C||No score greater than two||Use other non inspection intervention every five years|
Business can move between the categories, particularly if conditions improve or deteriorate.
Following a national or local intervention at a premises in the city, the Environmental Health Officer will leave a report with the business detailing any matters/contraventions that require addressing. However, sometimes formal action is required. Formal action is taken in accordance with the council's Environmental Health Enforcement Policy.
When standards are found to be unsatisfactory, improvements are for the most part achieved by provision of advice and information by the inspecting officer. In some cases, however, formal action is required, for example:
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