The Housing Act 2004 introduced licensing for houses in multiple occupation in England and Wales.
Higher education institutions are exempt from licensing provisions providing they sign up to a code of practice that has been approved by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG).
Three codes of practice for the higher education sector were approved by Parliament in April 2006. These are:
In addition to universities and higher education colleges, the codes are also open to further education colleges with residential accommodation and to private higher education providers, providing these institutions have the necessary mechanisms in place to fall within the code.